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- Book of Proverbs - Wikipedia
The author is unknown. In the first verse the Song is attributed to Solomon as a literary device, like Proverbs, Ecclesiastes and Wisdom. But the author may have incorporated some ancient lyrics going back to the time of Solomon. The Song of Songs is a celebration of the loyal and mutual love that leads to marriage. Human sexual love is prized in the Song as a great good, and is implicitly looked upon as a gift of God who is never mentioned explicitly in the Song.
In a fuller sense, the Song is about the love of God for his people and their love for him. It is for this reason that it is included in the Bible. The Song does not follow any definite or logical plan of development. It is rather a collection of songs or poems united by a common theme of love. The two basic and traditional ways of interpreting the Song of Songs are the literal and the allegorical. Literally, it is a love poem, full of powerful imagery and symbolism, singing the praises of sexual love between a man and a woman.
In the Christian era the Song has frequently been given an allegorical interpretation by mystics and masters of the spiritual life, such as St. Bernard of Clairvaux and St.
John of the Cross, whose Spiritual Canticle is based on it. From this point of view, the lover and his beloved stand for God and his people, or Christ and the Church, or Christ and the individual soul. Describing the relation between God and his people in terms of married love has a valid pedigree in the OT, for example, in Hosea, Isaiah, Jeremiah and Ezekiel. The use of marriage as a symbol is found also the NT Matt. In this book, wisdom means fidelity to the Law of God as revealed to Israel through Moses and the other prophets. Wisdom is a gift of God. The wise man leads a righteous life in this world and for this he will be rewarded by God in the next life with immortality.
The book of Wisdom is an apology for the superiority of the revealed religion of Israel over all other religions and philosophies. The book contains three parts: 1 the first five chapters offer a meditation on immortality; 2 chs. In the middle there is a lengthy attack on the idolatry of the pagans chs. The book of Wisdom is the last book written in the OT. The revelation of the immortality of the human soul is the most important point; but the book does not say anything about the resurrection of the body, an idea expressed in the books of Daniel and 2 Maccabees. In the second part of the book, wisdom is personified and made an associate of God in the creation of the world; the same idea occurs in Proverbs and Sirach.
The third part presents a meditation on the activity of God in history in the form of a theology of history. The book of Wisdom offers a strong polemic for the faithful Jew and Christian against paganism and secularism. The main ideas are: 1 Immortality is the fruit of fidelity; 2 wisdom is a gift of God and he bestows it on those who pray for it; 3 the Lord alone is God and so the worship of idols is utter foolishness and stupidity; 4 the Lord God of Israel is the Master of history and protects those who are faithful to him. Like the book of Proverbs, the theme of this book is the great value of "wisdom" which consists primarily in the fear of the Lord.
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The Prologue in ch. Chapters and offer much practical advice for wise living; much of it is based on and borrowed from the book of Proverbs. But Sirach develops his ideas more at length than does the book of Proverbs, for he offers short little essays on various practical subjects, such as how to train children, how to choose friends, how to guard one's speech and tongue, etc.
Chapter 24 offer a beautiful hymn to wisdom in which wisdom is personified and made a companion of God from the beginning. Chapters are based on the history of the great men of Israel, from Enoch to Nehemiah. They are praised and presented as models to be imitated in the pursuit of wisdom. The key to understanding Sirach is that the author identifies wisdom with the fear of the Lord. He further states that wisdom is to be found in the observance of the Law of Moses.
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In the 4th century, when Christianity was caught up in heresies and still developing the creeds which would define its beliefs, Proverbs was used both to support and refute the claims of the Arians. The Arians, assuming that Christ could be equated with the "Wisdom of God" 1 Corinthians , argued that the Son, like Wisdom, was "created" Proverbs , and therefore subordinate to the Creator; their opponents, who argued that the relevant Hebrew word should be translated as "begot", won the debate, and the Nicene Creed declared that the Son was "begotten, not made", meaning that God and Christ were consubstantial.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy. Fragment of Wisdom Literature".
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Cuneiform parallels to the Old Testament 1st ed. New York: Eaton and Mains. Retrieved March 13, Book of Proverbs. Eisheth Khayil Wisdom. Books of the Bible. Catholic Orthodox. Letter of Baruch Psalms — Category Portal WikiProject Book.
Book of Proverbs - Wikipedia
Isaiah Yeshayahu. Song of Songs Shir Hashirim. Daniel Daniyyel.
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